Flora & Fauna

Coiba Island and the surrounding waters are an extraordinary repository of biological wealth as eighty-five percent of Coiba’s jungle serves as a haven for birds and mammals found nowhere else on Earth. It is a refuge for 150 bird species, including 21 endemic species and rare birds such as the Crested Eagle and the Scarlet Macaw which have all but disappeared from the rest of Panama. There are a total of 36 species of mammals many of which are unique to the Parque such as the Coiba Island Agouti and the Mantled Howler Monkey; the latter is considered to be at high risk of extinction. The main forest types on Coiba Island are tropical moist forest, very moist premontane forests, and mangrove. Remarkably, most of the interior of Coiba Island is still unexplored botanically.